SOUTH EAST BRAZIL


Brian and Pat Wetton joined the Birdseekers trip to Serra dos Tucanos in the Atlantic Rain Forest of South East Brazil in October 2009. We combined the trip with one to the Pantanal. Our guides were Andy Foster who owns the lodge at Serra dos Tucanos and Birdseekers leaders Steve Bird and Gina Nichol. Other members of the tour were Dave Carr and Jude Rutherford , Maurice Ewart, Alan Fordham, Harry Keble, Mike and Julie Lockyear, Malcolm Pittam and David Todd. Serra dos Tucanos is an excellent centre for birding the area and provides good accommodation. Andy is a first class guide and the domestic arrangements are well run by his wife Cristina. We personally saw 251 species of birds and heard a further 11. We also saw 5 species of mammals. All this in a week with several days of heavy rain!

Itinerary: 

   6th Oct        Heathrow to Sao Paulo (via TAM)

   7th Oct        Sao Paulo to Rio de Janeiro (via TAM) and onward via Guanabara Bay to Serra dos Tucanos

   8th Oct        Portao Azul in Tres Picos State Park

   9th Oct        Serra dos Orgaos National Park

   10th Oct      Jacamar Trail via Nova Friburgo, Duas Barras, Murinelli and Soumidouro

   11th Oct      Trails at Serra dos Tucanos and the nearby C.E.D.A.E. Trail

   12th Oct      Pico de Caledonia and Theodoro Trail

   13th Oct      REGUA Reserve at Guapiassu  and transfer to Rio de Janeiro for a flight the next morning to Cuiaba

Site Profiles:

Guanabara Bay (GB): coastal mudflats en route from Rio de Janeiro.

Serra dos Tucanos (ST): situated on the edge of the Tres Picos State Park some two hours drive from Rio de Janeiro, the lodge has garden with feeders, a fast-flowing stream, restored plantation and a hillside of Atlantic Rain Forest with a network of trails.

Portao Azul (PA): this is a broad trail traversing both forest and open grassland just over 1000m in the Tres Picos State Park west of Nova Friburgo.

Serra dos Orgaos National Park (SO): provides trails at different elevations in the montane Atlantic Forest - a lower  trail from the main car park at the National Park Centre and a higher trail with a boardwalk further up the road which transects the Park. On our visit it rained almost all day.

Three-toed Jacamar Trail (JT): this is a 200km vehicular trail from the lodge via Nova Friburgo, Duas Barras, Murinelli and Soumidouro. It comprises several areas of marshes, open pasture and other grasslands and small woodlands. It was drier being in the lea of the coastal range. Our group set a new record for the highest number of species seen in a day on the trail  (123).

C.E.D.A.E. Trail (C): only 15 minutes by car from the lodge is a broad trail which descends from the road to the river and provides another opportunity for forest birding in the locality.

Pico de Caledonia (PC): the highlands of Pico de Caledonia north-west of Nova Friburgo are part of the Serra do Mar and provide an opportunity to reach higher elevations by a track leading up to a transmission mast. Habitats include montane forest, heath and scrub. Access by vehicle is dependent on the track not being too slippery. We did not get to the top where there are steps leading even higher.

Theodoro Trail (T): the trail leads off the main road to Nova Friburgo where there is an old surfaced track leading into the forest. The track is of easy gradient but had suffered some small landslides when we visited so we had to clamber over fallen trees.

REGUA Reserve (R): at Guapiassu is the Reserve Ecologica and its lodge. Here have been created a patchwork of different habitats including woodland, open grasslands and an extensive series of lakes and marshes.

Birds Recorded (see Site Profiles for key to sites):

Species No. Days Max. No. Sites Recorded
Solitary Tinamou 1 1 ST
Brown Tinamou 1 H PA
Least Grebe 2 6+ PA,R
Pied-billed Grebe 1 3+ R
Brown Booby 2 2+ GB
Neotropic Cormorant 2 2+ GB
Magnificent Frigatebird 2 100+ GB
Whistling Heron 2 3 JT
Capped Heron 2 10 JT,R
Cocoi Heron 2 2 GB
Great Egret 4 50+ various
Snowy Egret 1 3 R
Cattle Egret 4 200+ various
Striated Heron 2 1 JT,R
Black-crowned Night-Heron 2 3 GB,R
Species No. Days Max. No. Sites Recorded
White-faced Whistling-Duck 1 10+ R
Brazilian Teal 2 6+ JT,R
Masked Duck 1 3 R
Black Vulture 7 100+ various
Turkey Vulture 5 10+ various
Lesser Yellow-headed Vulture 2 2 JT,R
White-necked Hawk 1 1 R
Mantled Hawk 1 1 C
Savanna Hawk 2 2+ JT,PC
Roadside Hawk 3 3+ JT,PC,R
White-tailed Hawk 1 3 JT
Black-and-White Hawk-Eagle 1 1 ST
Southern Caracara 4 6 various
Yellow-headed Caracara 4 2+ various
American Kestrel 1 1 JT
Species No. Days Max. No. Sites Recorded
Dusky-legged Guan 3 6 PA,SO
Slaty-breasted Wood-Rail 1 2 JT
Ash-throated Crake 1 1 JT
Purple Gallinule 1 6 R
Common Moorhen 2 20+ JT,R
Red-legged Seriema 1 1 JT
Wattled Jacana 4 4 various
Southern Lapwing 4 10+ various
Kelp Gull 2 10+ GB
South American Tern 1 2+ GB
Picazuro Pigeon 5 10+ various
Plumbeous Pigeon 1 1 SO
Pale-vented Pigeon 1 1 PA
Feral Pigeon 3 10+ various
Ruddy Ground-Dove 4 10+ various
Species No. Days Max. No. Sites Recorded
Grey-fronted Dove 1 2 PA
Blue-winged Macaw 1 3 JT
White-eyed Parakeet 2 10 PA,JT
Maroon-bellied Parakeet 7 10 ST,etc 
Blue-winged Parrotlet 1 2 R
Plain Parakeet 3 2 ST
Scaly-headed Parrot 3 2 ST,PA
Squirrel Cuckoo 6 2 various
Smooth-billed Ani 4 20+ various
Guira Cuckoo 2 6 JT,R
Striped Cuckoo 2 H PA,R
Tropical Screech-Owl 1 1 R
Burrowing Owl 1 1 JT
White-collared Swift 5 20+ various
Grey-rumped Swift 2 2+ ST
Species No. Days Max. No. Sites Recorded
Ashy-tailed Swift 3 4+ ST,JT
Saw-billed Hermit 3 2 ST
Scale-throated Hermit 1 2+ T
Sombre Hummingbird 7 6 ST
Swallow-tailed Hummingbird 3 4 ST,R
Black Jacobin 7 20+ ST,etc
Glittering-bellied Emerald 3 2 ST,PA,R
Violet-capped Woodnymph 7 10 ST,etc
White-chinned Sapphire 1 1 R
White-throated Hummingbird 3 1 PA,SO,PC
Versicoloured Emerald 2 1+ ST
Sapphire-spangled Emerald 1 1 PA
Brazilian Ruby 1 1 T
Black-throated Trogon 1 1+ ST
Surucua Trogon 2 1+ PA,JT
Species No. Days Max. No. Sites Recorded
Ringed Kingfisher 2 1 PA,JT
Green Kingfisher 1 1 JT
Rufous-capped Motmot 1 H ST
Three-toed Jacamar 1 3+ JT
Rufous-tailed Jacamar 1 1 R
White-eared Puffbird 1 1 PC
Crescent-chested Puffbird 2 2 ST
Saffron Toucanet 3 3 ST,PA,R
Spot-billed Toucanet 3 2 ST,T
Channel-billed Toucan 2 3 ST,R
Toco Toucan 1 1 JT
White-barred Piculet 3 1 ST,PC,R
Yellow-eared Woodpecker 3 1 PA,ST,R
Yellow-throated Woodpecker 1 1 SO
Yellow-browed Woodpecker 1 1 PC
Species No. Days Max. No. Sites Recorded
Green-barred Woodpecker 1 1 JT
Campo Flicker 3 3 PA,JT,PC
Blond-crested Woodpecker 2 1 ST
Lineated Woodpecker 1 1 JT
Robust Woodpecker 1 1 PA
Tail-banded Hornero 1 2+ JT
Rufous Hornero 1 4 JT
Chicli Spinetail 1 1 PC
Rufous-capped Spinetail 1 1 PA
Pallid Spinetail 3 2 PA,SO,PC
Yellow-chinned Spinetail 2 2 JT,R
Common Thornbird 1 5 JT
Red-eyed Thornbird 2 3+ PA
Firewood Gatherer 1 2 JT
Buff-browed Foliage-gleaner 1 2 PC
Species No. Days Max. No. Sites Recorded
Buff-fronted Foliage-gleaner 3 1 PA,SO,PC
Ochre-breasted Foliage-gleaner 1 1 T
Black-capped Foliage-gleaner 1 2 SO
White-collared Foliage-gleaner 2 2 PA,SO
Sharp-tailed Streamcreeper 2 1 ST
Olivaceous Woodcreeper 5 4 various
Lesser Woodcreeper 3 2 PA,SO,ST
Scaled Woodcreeper 1 2 PA
Black-billed Scythebill 1 1 PA
Spot-backed Antshrike 1 H ST
Tufted Antshrike 3 1 PA,R
Large-tailed Antshrike 1 1 PC
White-bearded Antshrike 1 1 T
Chestnut-backed Antshrike 1 4 R
Variable Antshrike 4 2 various
Species No. Days Max. No. Sites Recorded
Rufous-capped Antshrike 1 2 JT
Spot-breasted Antvireo 1 1+ C
Plain Antvireo 1 1 ST
Star-throated Antwren 3 2 ST,etc
White-flanked Antwren 1 3 R
Unicoloured Antwren 1 1 SO
Serra Antwren 1 1 JT
Ferruginous Antbird 2 1 PA,C
Bertoni's Antbird 1 1 PC
Rufous-tailed Antbird 1 1 PC
Scaled Antbird 1 1 ST
Streak-capped Antwren 2 1 ST
White-shouldered Fire-eye 4 2+ PA,ST,SO,T
Rufous-capped Ant-thrush 1 H ST
Short-tailed Ant-thrush 1 H PC
Species No. Days Max. No. Sites Recorded
Brazilian Ant-thrush 1 H PC
Variegated Antpitta 1 H PC
Black-cheeked Gnateater 3 3 SO,ST,R
Serra do Mar Tapaculo 1 1+ PC
Shrike-like Cotinga 1 H T
Swallow-tailed Cotinga 1 3 PC
Black-and-Gold Cotinga 1 1+ PC
Bare-throated Bellbird 2 2 SO,PC
White-bearded Manakin 3 5 SO,JT,R
Blue Manakin 5 6+ various
Pin-tailed Manakin 3 1 ST
Serra do Mar Tyrant-Manakin 1 1 PC
Southern Beardless Tyrannulet 1 2 R
Yellow-bellied Elaenia 1 2 JT
Small-billed Elaenia 3 3 ST,PA,JT
Species No. Days Max. No. Sites Recorded
Olivaceous Elaenia 1 1 PC
Sooty Tyrannulet 1 1 JT
White-crested Tyrannulet 1 1 PA
Ochre-bellied Flycatcher 1 1+ ST
Grey-hooded Flycatcher 1 1 ST
Sepia-capped Flycatcher 1 1 ST
Serra do Mar Tyrannulet 1 1 PC
Mottle-cheeked Tyrannulet 1 4 PC
Planalto Tyrannulet 3 1 PA,PC,T
Drab-breasted Bamboo-Tyrant 1 1 PA
Ochre-faced Tody-Flycatcher 2 1 JT,PC
Yellow-lored Tody-Flycatcher 4 2 ST,PA,SO
Southern Antpipit 1 1+ JT
Yellow-Olive Flycatcher 3 1 ST,SO
White-throated Spadebill 2 1 ST,C
Species No. Days Max. No. Sites Recorded
Bran-coloured Flycatcher 1 2 PA
Cliff Flycatcher 2 1 PC,R
White-rumped Monjita 1 2 JT
Blue-billed Black-Tyrant 1 2 PC
Crested Black-Tyrant 1 3 JT
Masked Water-Tyrant 7 4 ST,etc
White-headed Marsh-Tyrant 2 2+ JT,R
Streamer-tailed Tyrant  1 4 JT
Yellow-browed Tyrant  1 1 JT
Long-tailed Tyrant 2 3 PA,JT
Cattle Tyrant 4 1 JT,ST,PC,R
Shear-tailed Grey-Tyrant 1 1 PC
Grey-hooded Attila 2 1 PA,SO
Swainson's Flycatcher 1 1 PC
Short-crested Flycatcher 3 3 PA,JT,R
Species No. Days Max. No. Sites Recorded
Great Kiskadee 7 5 various
Boat-billed Flycatcher 1 2 R
Social Flycatcher 6 2 various
Streaked Flycatcher 3 4 PA,SO,JT
Piratic Flycatcher 3 2 ST,SO,C
Variegated Flycatcher 2 1 ST,SO
Tropical Kingbird 6 10+ various
Fork-tailed Flycatcher 2 5 JT,R
Greenish Schiffornis 2 H PA,T
Chestnut-crowned Becard 3 1 PA,SO,R
White-winged Becard 1 1 PC
Crested Becard 4 2 ST,SO,PC
Black-tailed Tityra 1 1 SO
Sharpbill 1 H T
Brown-chested Martin 2 10+ JT,R
Species No. Days Max. No. Sites Recorded
Grey-breasted Martin 2 1 ST,SO
White-rumped Swallow 1 5 JT
Blue-and-White Swallow 7 30+ various
Southern Roughwing Swallow 3 10+ PA,JT,R
Black-capped Donacobius 1 5 JT
Moustached Wren 1 3 R
Long-billed Wren 1 2 R
House Wren 7 6 various
Chalk-browed Mockingbird 2 2 JT,R
Yellow-legged Thrush 2 10+ SO,PC
Rufous-bellied Thrush 7 6 various
Pale-breasted Thrush 7 4+ various
Creamy-bellied Thrush 2 3 ST,JT
Common Waxbill 1 4 R
Red-eyed Vireo 2 3 SO,ST
Species No. Days Max. No. Sites Recorded
Rufous-crowned Greenlet 1 2+ SO
Lemon-chested Greenlet 1 1 R
Rufous-browed Peppershrike 5 3 various
Tropical Parula 1 1 C
Golden-crowned Warbler 3 3 PA,SO
White-rimmed Warbler 1 2+ PC
Bananaquit 7 5 ST,etc
Chestnut-vented Conebill 2 6 SO,R
Rufous-headed Tanager 1 2 JT
Yellow-backed Tanager 2 6+ SO,ST
Flame-crested Tanager 2 10+ SO,ST
Ruby-crowned Tanager 6 6+ ST,etc
Black-goggled Tanager 3 4 PA,SO,ST
Red-crowned Ant-Tanager 1 1 SO
Brazilian Tanager 7 5+ ST,etc
Species No. Days Max. No. Sites Recorded
Sayaca Tanager 7 6+ ST,etc
Azure-shouldered Tanager 1 1 SO
Golden-chevroned Tanager 7 6 ST,etc
Palm Tanager 7 5 ST,etc
Diademed Tanager 1 5 PC
Violaceous Euphonia 7 4+ ST,etc
Orange-bellied Euphonia  4 4 ST,etc
Chestnut-bellied Euphonia 6 4 ST,etc
Blue-naped Chlorophonia 5 4+ ST,etc
Green-headed Tanager 7 10+ ST,etc
Red-necked Tanager 3 10+ ST,SO,PC
Brassy-breasted Tanager 5 20+ ST,PA,SO,JT,PC
Gilt-edged Tanager 2 2+ PA
Burnished-Buff Tanager  6 2+ ST,etc
Blue Dacnis 7 6 ST,etc
Species No. Days Max. No. Sites Recorded
Green Honeycreeper 4 2+ ST,SO,JT
Bay-chested Warbling-Finch 1 1 PC
Double-collared Seedeater 2 1 PA,JT
Chestnut-bellied Seedfinch  1 1 JT
Uniform Finch 3 1+ PA,PC
Saffron Finch 6 20+ various
Half-collared Sparrow 2 2 PA
Rufous-collared Sparrow 5 6 various
Buff-throated Saltator 2 2 SO,ST
Black-throated Saltator 1 1+ ST
Green-winged Saltator 1 2+ PC
Thick-billed Saltator 1 1 PC
Chestnut-capped Blackbird 2 10+ JT,R
White-browed Blackbird 2 2 JT,R
Shiny Cowbird 7 4+ various
Species No. Days Max. No. Sites Recorded
Giant Cowbird 1 5 JT
Red-rumped Cacique 2 5+ JT,R
Crested Oropendola 3 4+ SO,JT,C
Yellow-rumped Marshbird 1 1 JT
Chopi Blackbird 1 2 JT
Hooded Siskin 3 6 PA,JT,PC
House Sparrow 5 10+ various

















Mammals recorded:

Tufted-eared Marmoset, Brown Howler Monkey, Brown Three-toed Sloth, Guianan Squirrel and Capybara.  


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